User

Consumption of Fat, Protein, and Carbohydrate Among Adolescent with Overweight / Obesity

Reny Tri Febriani, Ady Soesetidjo, Farida Wahyuning Tiyas

Abstract

Background: Excessive nutritional status is a problem related to food, nutrition and public health globally which increases its prevalence quickly and can occur in all aspects of life. The increasing prevalence of excessive nutritional status is a time bomb for some countries that can explode in the future both in terms of health, mental and economic impacts for countries that are associated with increased health costs. Consumption levels such as fat, protein, and carbohydrates affect excessive nutritional status, excessive fat intake for a long time can cause overweight/obesity.

Subjects and Method: The design of the study is analytic observation including a total of 111 teens who are overweight and obese. The sampling technique is a random sampling. The analysis was conducted using smart pls version 3.

Results: Diet had a positive effect on overweight (b= 2.18; p= 0.032) and level of food consumption (b= 2.33; p= 0.022). High level of fat, protein, and carbohydrates consumption had a positive effect on overweight among adolescents (b= 11.54; p<0.001).

Conclusions: Diet has a positive effect on overweight and level of food consumption. High level of fat, protein, and carbohydrates consumption has a positive effect on overweight among adolescents.

Keywords: diet, fat, protein, carbohydrate, overweight, obesity, adolescent

Correspondence: Reny Tri Febriani. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Jember. Email: reny.smkfmaharani@gmail.com.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2019), 4(2): 70-76
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2019.04.02.02

Full Text:

PDF

References

Berger S, Ceccarini G, Scabia G, Barone I, Pelosini C, Ferrari F, Magno S, Dattilo A, et al. (2017). Lipodystrophy and Obesity Are Associated With Decreased Number of T Cells With Regulatory Function and Pro-Inflammatory Macrophage Phenotype. Int J Obes (Lond). 41(11): 1676-1684. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2017.163.

Iqbal UM (2013). Hubungan Konsumsi Lemak Dengan Kejadian Obesitas Orang Dewasa Di Kota Dan Kabupaten Bogor. Skripsi. Departemen Gizi Masyarakat. Fakultas Ekologi Manusia. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Kemenkes RI (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2013. Jakarta: Balitbangkes Kemenkes RI.

Kharismaswati R (2010). Hubungan Tingkat Asupan Energi, Protein, Lemak, Karbohidrat, Dan Serat Dengan Status Obesitas Pada Siswa SD. Skripsi. Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.

Kurdanti W, Suryani I, Syamsiatun NH, Siwi LP, Adityanti MM, Mustikaningsih D, Sholihah KI (2015). Faktor – Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Obesitas pada Remaja. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia. 11(04): 179 – 190. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.22900

Makris A, Foster GD (2011). Dietary Approaches to the Treatment of Obesity. in PMC Psychiatr Clin North Am. 34(4): 813–827. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2011.08.004.

Maulinda WN (2017). Analisis Faktor – Faktor Terjadinya Osteoarthritis Lansia di Posyandu Lansia Kelurahan Bareng Kota Malang. Skripsi. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Politeknik Kesehatan Malang. Jurusan Gizi Program Studi Diploma IV Gizi Malang.

Mokolensang OG, Manampiring AE, Fatimawali (2016). Hubungan Pola Makan Dan Obesitas Pada Remaja Di Kota Bitung. Jurnal e-Biomedik (eBm), 4(1): 128-135.

Moreno LA, GonzálezGross M, Kersting M, Molnár D, de Henauw S, Beghin L, Sjöström M, Hagströmer M (2007). Assessing, Understanding and Modifying Nutritional Status, Eating Ha¬bits and Physical Activity in European Adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Public Health Nutrition: 11(3): 288–299. Doi: 10.1017/S1368980007000535.

Nusa AFA (2017). Hubungan Faktor Perilaku, Frekuensi Konsumsi Fast Food, Diet dan Genetik dengan Tingkat Kelebihan Berat Badan. Media Gizi Indonesia. 9(1).

Nussy CY, Ratag GA, Mayulu N (2014). Analisis Upaya Upaya Penurunan Berat Badan Pada Mahasiswi Angkatan 2010. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado. Jurnal Kedokteran Komunitas dan Tropik. 2 (2): 81-84.

Putri, Alvina Y (2015). Faktor – Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pola Kon¬sumsi Makan pada Siswa Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Unwanul Huda di Jakarta Selatan. Skripsi. Peminatan Gizi Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Rahmawati AC, Zulaekah S, Rahmawaty S (2009). Aktivitas fisik dan rasio kolesterol (HDL) pada penderita penya¬kit jantung koroner di Poliklinik Jantung RSUD Dr. Moewardi Surakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan, 2(1): 11-18.

Savitri W (2015). Hubungan Body Image, Pola Konsumsi Dan Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Status Gizi Siswi Sman 63 Jakarta. Skripsi. Peminatan Gizi Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah.

Scholz U, Ochsner S, Luszczynska A, Springs C (2013). Interventions on Changes in Fat Consumption in Controlled Trial. International Journal. 48(4), 604-615.

Wati DK (2017). Perbedaan Body Image, Pola Konsumsi Dan Kebiasaan Olah-raga Antara Remaja Putri Overweight Dengan Remaja Putri Non Overweight Di SMPK Santa Agnes Surabaya. Thesis. Universitas Airlangga.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.