User

Biopsychosocial Determinants of Early Marriage in Wonogiri District, Central Java: A Logistic Regression

Meylsa Rima Kamilda, Ismi Dwi Astuti Nurhaeni, Rita Benya Adriani

Abstract

Background: Early marriage is one of the problems in Indonesia and the developing countries. It represents one of the violations of women's human right. Early marriage had physical, psychological, and social negative effects in the affected women. This study aimed to examine the determinants of early marriage in Wonogiri District, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study carried out in Wonogiri, Central Java, from October to November 2018. A sample of 200 women was selected by fixed disease sampling, consisting of 50 women with early marriage and 150 women with timely marriage. The dependent variable was early marriage. The independent variables were menarche age, unwanted pregnancy, education level, gender inequality, parental perception on early marriage, local culture, residence, and employment before marriage. The data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed by logistic regression.

Results: The risk of early marriage increased with age of menarche <12 years (OR= 3.41; 95% CI= 1.12 to 10.36; p= 0.003), gender inequality (OR= 4.70; 95% CI= 1.53 to 14.40; p= 0.007), and local culture pro early marriage (OR= 5.33; 95% CI= 1.62 to 17.42; p= 0.006). The risk of early marriage decreased with wanted pregnancy (OR= 0.17; 95% CI= 0.043 to 0.70; p= 0.014), education level (OR= 0.03; 95% CI= 0.01 to 0.14; p= 0.001), positive parental perception (OR= 0.24; 95% CI= 0.08 to 0.77; p = 0.016), neighborhood in city (OR= 0.29; 95% CI= 0.09 to 0.93; p = 0.035), and work before marriage (OR= 0.20; 95% CI= 0.63 to 0.65; p = 0.007).

Conclusion: The risk of early marriage increases with age of menarche <12 years, gender inequality, and local culture pro early marriage. It decreases with wanted pregnancy, education level, positive parental perception, neighborhood in city, and work before marriage.

Keywords: early marriage, gender inequality, local culture

Correspondence: Meylsa Rima Kamilda. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java 57126, Indonesia. Email: meyl.rima@gmail.com. Mobile: 6285728805820

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2019), 4(3): 170-179
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2019.04.03.04

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bhanji SM, Punjani NS (2014). Determinant of child (early) marriage among young girls a public health issues. Journal of Women,s Health Care. 3(3): 1. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/21670420.1000161

BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik) (2016). Kemajuan yang tertunda: analisis data perkawinan usia anak di Indonesia. https://www.unicef.org/indonesia/id/Laporan_Perkawinan_Usia_Anak.pdf Diakses Maret 2018

Carmichael S (2011). Marriage and power: age at first marriage ang spousal age gap in Lesser Developed Countries. History of the Family. 16: 4313. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hisfam.2011.08.002

Djamilah, Kartikawati R (2016). Dampak Perkawinan Anak di Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Pemuda. 3(2): 9.

Field e, Ambrus A (2008). Early marriage, age of menarche, and female schooling attaintment in Bangladesh. Journal of Political Economy, 116(5): 881. doi: https://doi.org/10.1086/593333

Fitriani D, Nugraha GI, Husin F, Mose JC, Sunjaya DK, Sukandar H (2015). Kajian kualitatif faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pernikahan remaja perempuan. IJEMC, 2(3): 42.

Gage AJ (2012). Association of Child marriage with suicidal thoughts and attempts among adolescent girls in Ethiopia. Journal of Adolescent Health 52: 656. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.12.007

Gibbs CM, Wendt A, Peters S, Hogue CJ (2012). The impact of early marriage at first childbirth on matermal and infant health. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 26(1): 262-4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.13653016.2012.01290.x.

Golub MS, Collman GW, Foster PMD, Kimmel CA, Meyts ERD, Reiter EO, Sharpe RM, et al (2008). Public health implications of altered puberty timing. Pediatrics. 121(3): 5266. doi: 10.1542/peds.20071813G.

Guo W, Wu Z, Qiu Y, Chen G, Zheng X. (2012). The Timing of sexual debut among Chinese Youth. Internatioal Perspective on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 30(4): 202.

Husna N, Demartoto A, Resati SH (2016). Factor associated with early mariage in Sleman, Yogyakarta. Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior. 1(2): 967. doi: https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2016.01.02.04.

Karjono, Bakta IM, Karmaya INM, Pradnyaparamita D, Murtianingsih. (2017). Force, Support, and Endorsing Factors of Early Marriage in Adolescent Sasak (Sasak Ethnic) in Central Lombok. International Researh Journal of Engineering, IT,& Scientific Research. 3(2): 146-52.

Kamal SMM, Hassan CH, Alam GM, Ying Y (2015). Child Marriage in Bangladesh: Trends and Determinants. Journal of Biosocial Science, 47: 135. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932013000746.

Kamal SMM (2012). Decline in child marriage and changes in its effect on reproductive outcomes in Bangladesh. Journal of Health Population and Nutrition. 30(3): 327.

Lee Rife S, Malhotra A, Warner A, Glinski AM (2012). What works to prevent child marriage: A Review of the evidence. studies in family planning. 43(4): 286. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.17284465.2012.00327.x.

Montazeri S, Gharacheh M, Mohammadi N, Rad JA, Ardabili HE (2016). Determinant of Early Marriage from Married Girls’ Perpectives in Iranian Setting: A Qualitattive Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8615929.

Mouli VC, Camacho AV, Michaud PA (2013). WHO guidelines on preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive outcomes among adolescents in developing country. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52: 517-22. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.03.002

Patton GC, Coffey C, Sawyer SM,Viner RM, Haller DM, Bose K, Vos T, et al. (2009). Global patterns of mortality in young people. A systematic analysis of population data. Lancet. 374: 88192. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S01406736(09)607418.

Pohan NH (2017). Faktor yang berhubung-an dengan pernikahan usia dini terhadap remaja putri. Jurnal Endurance 2(3): 430. http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&1450147330&1&&2015.

Rahman M (2018). Determinantes of early marriage in Bangladesh: A evidence of the nationally representative survey. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 9(1): 5-6. doi: 10.5897/IJSA2016.0684

Raj A, Ghule M, Nair S, Saggurti N, Balaiah D, Silverman JG (2015). Age at menarche, education, and child marriage among young wives in rural Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.04.044.

Speizer IS, Pearson E (2011). Association between early marriage and intimate partner violence in India: A focus on youth from Bihar and Rajasthan. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 26(10): 1963-1981.

Tey NP, Lai SL, Tho ST (2018). Age at menarche and sexual debut among young Filipino Women. Journal of Biosocial Science, 1-18. doi: 10.1017/S0021932017000682.

UNDESA (United Nation Departement of Economic and Social Affairs). 2011. Population Facts: World Marriage Pattern. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/popfacts/PopFacts_20111.pdf.

UNFPA (United Nation Population Fund). 2014. UNFPA Indonesia Monograph Series: No. 2 Youth in Indonesia. https://indonesia.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pubpdf/BUKU_Monograph_No2_Youth_in_Indonesia_ENG_05_Lowres.pdf Diakses Maret 2018.

_____ (2012). Marrying Too Young: End Child Marriage. UNFPA. https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pubpdf/MarryingTooYoung.pdf Diakses Maret 2018.

UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). (2018a). Child Protection. http://data.unicef.org/topic/childprotection/childmarriage/. Diakses Maret 2018.

_____ (2017). Child marriage is a violation of human rights but is all too common. https://data.unicef.org/topic/childprotection/childmarriage/ Diakses 21 Januari 2018

_____ (2016a). Child Marriage in Indonesia: Progress on Pause. https://www.unicef.org/indonesia/UNICEF_Indonesia_Child_Marriage_Reserach_Brief_.pdf Diakses Maret 2018, hlm: 1-5

_____ (2016b). Policy brief child marriage in Indonesia: Past Progress at a standstill. https://www.unicef.org/indonesia/Child_Marriage_Report_Policy_Brief_(Report_Summary)_160316.pdf – Diakses Maret 2018.

_____ (2014). Ending child marriage: progress and prospects. https://data.unicef.org/wpcontent/uploads/2015/12/ChildMarriageBrochureHR_1-64.pdf for children achieving the MDGs with equity. https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Progress_for_ChildrenNo.9_EN_081710.pdf. Diakses April 2018.

WHO (World Health Organizarion). 2013. Child Marriage: 39.000 every day. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2013/child_marriage_20130307/en/. Diakses 20 Januari 2018

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.