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Analysis of Factors Associated with Anemia in Pregnant Women at Prambanan Community Health Center, Sleman, Yogyakarta

Ratna Prahesti, Dono Indarto, Muhammad Akhyar

Abstract

Background: Maternal anemia has serious impact on maternal and fetal health outcome. Pregnant women are at high risk of anemia. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with the incidence of anemia among pregnant women.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic and observational study with cross-sectional design. This study was conducted at Prambanan Community Health Center, Sleman, Yogyakarta. A total of 120 trimester II and III pregnant mothers, was selected for this study. The dependent variable was incidence of anemia. The independent variables were gestational age and maternal education. The data were collected by a questionnaire and analyzed by multiple logistic regression.

Result: Trimester II pregnant women had lower risk of anemia than trimester III (OR = 0.35; 95% CI = 0.15 to 0.80; p = 0.013). Pregnant women completed high school had lower risk of anemia than lower education (OR = 0.33; 95% CI 1.29 to = 6.81; p = 0.010).

Conclusion: Gestational age and maternal education are associated with the risk of anemia in pregnant women.

Keywords: anemia, pregnant women, trimester II and III, maternal education

CorrespondenceRatna Prahesti. Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.

Journal Maternal and Child Health, 2016; 1(2): 131-137    
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2016.01.02.08

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