User

The Effectiveness of Hypnobirthing in Reducing Anxiety Level During Delivery

Pramita Sandy Ulya Imannura, Uki Retno Budhiastuti, Eti Poncorini

Abstract

Background: Neonatus given birth by pregnant mothers suffering from excessive anxiety and stress have higher risk of low-birthweight, small head circumference, low APGAR score at birth, in adequate neurologyc development, premature birth, weak immunity system, and emotional disorder, than those given birth by happy mothers. This study aimed to examine the effect of effectiveness of hypnobirthing in reducing anxiety level during delivery.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic experimental study with Randomized Control Trial (RCT) design. A sample of 30 pregnant mothers near delivery date was selected for this study and allocated into hypnobirthing group and no-hypnobirthing group. The dependent variable was anxiety during delivery. The independent variable was hypnobirthing. The anxiety level between the two groups was tested by Mann Whitney.

Results: After intervention, pregnant mothers who received hypnobirthing had anxiety level as low as 41.33 (p=0.003). Pregnant mothers who did not receive hypnobirthing had anxiety level as low as 51.60 (p=0.003). The reduction of anxiety between the two groups was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Hypnobirthing can effectively reduce anxiety among pregnant mothers during birth delivery.

Keywords: hypnobirthing, anxiety

Correspondence: Pramita Sandy Ulya Imannura. Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. Email: oxytocinyoga@gmail.com.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2016), 1(3): 200-204
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2016.01.03.08

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aprillia Y (2010). Hipnostetri. Jakarta: Gagas Media.

Brown D, Food (2001). Women’s Evaluation of Intrapartum Non pharmakological Pain Relief Method Used During Labor. The Jour¬nal of Perinatal Education (10) 3.

Cyna (2004). Hypnosis For Pain Relief In Labour and Childbirth: A Systematic Review, British Journal of Anaesthesia (9): 505-511.

Fiori J (2005). Pregnancy Fitness, Panduan Kebugaran Selama Hamil. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka.

Madden K, Middleton P, Cyna AM, Matt-hewson M, Jones L (2012). Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Doi: 10.1002/ 14651858. CD009356.pu2.

Hurlock EB (1997). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehiduan (Ed. 5). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Misri S, Kendrick K, Oberlander TF, Norris F, Tomforh L, Zhang H, Grunau RE (2010). Antenatal Depression and Anxiety Affect Postpartum Parenting stress: Longitudinal, prospective. Can J Psychiatry 55 (4): 22-28.

Murti B (2010). Desain dan Ukuran Sampel untuk Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif di Bidang Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

O’Neil ML (2002). Better Birthing with Hypnosis. New York: Mc Graw Hill Two Penn Plaza.

Mongan M (1995). Hypnobirthing. USA: Health communication.

Varney (2007). Buku Ajar Ilmu Kebidanan. Jakarta: EGC.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.