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The Determinant of Stunting Prevalence in 24-59 Month Children in Hayahaya Village, Western Limboto Sub-district, Gorontalo Regency

Rabia Zakaria, Juwita Suma

Abstract

Background: Stunting is among the nutritional problems that lead to deficits in the children’s life quality, hindering the children’s growth. Indonesia ranks fifth as the country with the most stunting prevalence in 24-59 month children; this includes groups who are at risk of malnutrition. Short-term consequences of stunting involve problems in brain development and physical growth, while the long-term effects include cognitive and learning skill deficits.

Subjects and Method: This quantitative study relied on the analytical observation method with the cross-sectional design, with the independent variables, such as a mother’s education level, family income, parenting styles, newborn height, newborn weight, birth spacing, and breastfeeding records. The dependent variable is stunting prevalence. Out of 95 of the total population, 76 children who met the inclusion criteria were selected as the sample. This study relied on the result of several data analyses, including univariate, bivariate, and multivariate tests. Further, the chi-square analysis and logistic regression enter method were also employed.

Results: The result shows that the mother’s education level, family income, parenting styles, birth height, and birth weight contribute to the stunting prevalence of the children.

Conclusion: In conclusion, parenting styles are the dominant variable that correlates with the stunting of the children.

Keywords: stunting, parenting style, breast­feeding, birthweight

Correspondence: Rabia Zakaria. Department of Midwifery, He­alth Polytechnic of Ministry of Health Go­ron­talo, Indonesia. E-mail: rabiasubarkah@­gmail­.com, Phone: +62-823-4879-4086.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2020), 05(03): 287-296
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.03.07

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