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Factors Associated with Anemia among Pregnant Women in Trimester III

Katmini Katmini, Astri Yunita

Abstract

Background: The estimated anemia pre­va­len­ces among pregnant women are Asia 48.2%, Af­ri­ka 57.1%, Amerika 24.1% and Eropa 25.1%. 40% of maternal deaths in developing countries is asso­­ciated with anemia during pregnancy. Ad­ver­se impacts of anemia in pregnancy toward fetus in developing countries is higher, whereas in industrial countries, perinatal prognosis is not asso­ciated with anemia in pregnancy. Anemia in TM III gives effects to the incidence of Low Birth Weight and preterm labour. The study aims to find out factors associated with anemia inci­den­ces among pregnant women in TM III in Commu­nity Health Center (Puskesmas) Pesantren I, the city of Kediri.

Subjects and Method: It was a cross sectional study conducted in Puskesmas Pesantren I the city of Kediri. There were 30 pregnant wo­men of TM III. The dependent vari­able was anemia. The independent variables were age, education, occu­pation, parity, and the com­­pliance in consuming iron tablet. The data were collected by question­naire. The data were analyzed by Chi square.

Results: Low education (OR= 9.33; 95% CI= 1.51 to 5.76; p= 0.010), work at home (OR= 8.66; 95% CI= 3.46 to 21.65; p<0.001), multi­parous (OR= 13.20; 95% CI=2.11 to 8.25; p=0.003), and did not adhere to iron tablet consumption (OR= 5.50; 95% CI­=­1.­14 to 2.64; p=0.028) increased the risk of anemia. Age 20-35 years old (OR= 0.35; 95% CI=0.15 to 0.80; p=0.012) reduced the risk of anemia.

Conclusion: Low education, work at home, multi­parous, and did not adhere to iron tablet consumption increase the risk of anemia. Age 20-35 years old reduces the risk of anemia.

Keywords: anemia, iron tablet

Correspondence: Katmini. Masters Program in Public Health, IIK Strada. Jl. Manila 37 Sumberece Tosaren Pesantren, Kediri, East Java, Indonesia. Email: katminitini@gmail.com. Mobile: +628233466-2921.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2020), 05(03): 313-320
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.03.10

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