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Effect of Menopause Duration and Biopsychosocial Factors on Quality of life of Women in Kediri District, East Java

Nunik Ike Yunia Sari, Rita Benya Adriani, Ambar Mudigdo

Abstract

Background: Menopause is defined as the point in time when menstrual cycles permanently cease due to the natural depletion of ovarian oocytes from aging. Studies have shown,  menopause causes decrease in quality of life and a positive correlation between menopausal symptoms and  quality of live. This study aimed to determine the effect of menopause duration and biopsychosocial factors on quality of life of  women.

Subjects and Method: This study was an analytic study using cross-sectional design. The study was conducted in Bendo Community Health Center, Kediri District, East Java, from 8–31 March 2017. A sample was of 105 menopausal women was selected for this study by proportionate random sampling. The dependent variable was quality of life. Quality  of  life  encompassed several constructs including physical, functional, emotional, social, and cognitive variables. The independent variables were duration of menopause, Body Mass Index (BMI), education, family support, and family income. The data were collected by pre-tested questionnaire, and analyzed by path analysis.

Results: Quality of life was affected by menopause duration (b=2.19; SE=0.38; p<0.001), education (b=6.72; SE=1.72; p<0.001), family support (b=0.42; SE=0.17; p=0.011), BMI (b=0.71; SE=0.27; p=0.010), and family income (b= 0.13; SE= 1.60; p= 0.936). BMI was affected by education (b= 1.87; SE= 0.50; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Quality of life is directly affected by menopause duration, education, family support, BMI, and family income. Quality of life is indirectly affected by education.

Keywords: menopause duration, biopsychosocial factors, quality of life, path analysis

Correspondence: Nunik Ike Yunia Sari. Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. Email: nunikike@yahoo.com. Mobile: +6282257969278.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2017), 2(2): 125-136
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2017.02.02.04

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