Effectiveness of Prenatal Yoga on Sleep Quality and Reduction of Anxiety During Pregnancy: A Meta-Analysis

Shiva Aflahiyah, Didik Gunawan Tamtono, Hanung Prasetya


Background:Anxiety and sleep disorders du­ring pregnancy are often experienced during preg­nancy. Discomfort during pregnancy can be overcome non-pharmacologically, one of which is prenatal Yoga. This study aimed to esti­mate the mean effectiveness of prenatal Yoga on sleep quality and decrease anxiety during pregnancy.

Subjects and Method:This study used a syste­matic review and meta-analysis study de­sign. The time of the selected test results was between 2005 and 2020. The search for articles was carried out for 1 month. Study data was searched from databases: PubMed, Science Di­rect, Springer Link, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library. The inclusion criteria in this study were full-text articles and in English. The study design used a randomized controlled trial. Search for articles using the PICO model. The population in this study were pregnant women, intervention in the form of prenatal yoga exer­ci­ses, comparison without prenatal yoga exer­cises, and the outcome in anxiety and sleep qua­lity. Data processing was carried out by the Review Manager (RevMan 5.3) by calculating the standardized mean difference to determine the research model that was combined and for­med the final meta-analysis result.

Results:A total of 10 articles were reviewed in this study on the effectiveness of prenatal Yoga on anxiety and as many as 3 articles on sleep qua­lity. Studies showed that prenatal Yoga signi­ficantly reduce anxiety during pregnancy (SMD= -0.84; 95% CI -1.53 to -0.16 p= 0.020). Prenatal yoga could also reduce sleep disorders and improve sleep quality as shown in statistics (SMD= -1.13; 90% CI -2.06 to -0.21 p= 0.020).

Conclusion:Prenatal Yoga can reduce anxiety and improve sleep quality.

Keywords: anxiety, sleeping quality, prenatal Yoga, pregnancy

Correspondence: Shiva Aflahiyah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: shi­

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2020), 05(06): 629-640


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