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Meta-Analysis: The Association between Social Support and Postpartum Depression

Ardiani Ardiani, RB. Soemanto, Bhisma Murti

Abstract

Background: Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that occurs in the first year after childbirth, which affects mothers, babies and their families. The prevalence of post­partum depression is estimated to be 10-15% worldwide. Postpartum women who have weak social support are at risk for postpartum depression. This study aimd to estimate the strength of the relationship between social support and postpartum depression based on the results of previous similar studies.

Subjects and Method: This research is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Meta analysis is carried out by systematically re­viewing articles published from 2010 to 2020 from the Pubmed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Spinger Link databases using search keywords, namely "social sup­port" OR "family support" OR "partner sup­port" AND" postpartum depression "OR" postnatal de­pression "AND" cross sectional "AND" multi­variate. Article searches were carried out using PICO. The study population was post­partum women, intervention/ expo­sure was weak social support with compa­rison was strong social support and the out­come was postpartum depression. The search for arti­cles was carried out for one month. The arti­cles included in this study were full text arti­cles with cross sectional design. Arti­cles were reviewed using the PRISMA flow dia­gram guidelines. Articles analyzed using Revman 5.3 Software.

Results: 12 articles were reviewed in this study. This study shows that weak social sup­port increased the risk of postpartum depres­sion (aOR = 2.64; 95% CI: 2.08 - 3.35; p <0.001).

Conclusion: Weak social support increases the risk of postpartum depression.

Conclusion: Weak social support increases the risk of postpartum depression.

Keywords: social support, postpartum depression

Correspondence: Ardiani. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central  Java. Email: dhini­ardiani@gmail.com. Telepon: 085337742831.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2020), 05(06): 641-650
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.06.04.

 

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