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Sibling Role, Parenting Pattern, Maternal Education and Knowledge, and Their Associations with Speech-Language Ability of Children Aged 3-5 Years Old in Karanganyar, Central Java

Arif Siswanto, Bhisma Murti, Rita Benya Adriani

Abstract

Background: Speech-language ability is one of several developmental abilities that must be masters by children under-five. Data from the Central Biro of Statistics showed that in 2014 there were 131 children under-five with speech-language ability problem. This study aims to determine the associations between sibling role, parenting pattern, maternal education and knowledge, and speech-language ability of children 3-5 years old.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study using cross sectional design. The study was carried out in Gondangrejo Sub-District, Karanganyar District, Central Java. A sample of 80 children aged 3-5 years old were selected for this study by random sampling. The dependent variable was speech–language ability. The independent variables were sibling role, parenting pattern, maternal education, and knowledge. The data were collected by a set of pre-tested questionnaire. Logistic regression was employed for data analysis.

Results: Sibling role (OR= 13.23; 95% CI= 2.42 to 72.45; p=0.003), parenting pattern (OR= 7.58; 95% CI= 1.47 to 38.96; p= 0.015), maternal knowledge (OR= 9.64; 95% CI= 2.10 to 44.17; p= 0.004), and maternal education (OR=7.84; 95% CI =1.47 to 41.96; p=0.016) were associated with speech-language ability.

Conclusion: Sibling role, parenting pattern, maternal knowledge, and maternal education are associated with speech-language ability

Keywords: sibling, parenting pattern, education, speech-language

CorrespondenceArif Siswanto. Diploma Program in Speech Therapy, School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta. Email: arif.protocol@yahoo.com. Mobile: +628121529694.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2017), 2(3): 223-232
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2017.02.03.04

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