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Meta-Analysis: The Effect of Breast Milk on Child Language

Liza Laela Abida, Bhisma Murti, Hanung Prasetya

Abstract

Background: Language development is an individual's ability to master vocabulary, speech, grammar, and pronunciation ethics within a certain period of time according to age development. Breast milk is the best food for babies, because it contains all the nutrients needed in the right amount to promote a child's growth and development. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of breastfeeding on children's language development by using meta-analysis.

Subjects and Method: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. The articles used in this study were obtained from several databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, and Springer Link. The articles used in this study were those published from 1999-2020. The article search was carried out by considering the eligibility criteria defined using the PICO model. The population in the study were child­ren aged 2 months to 6 years old with inter­vention in the form of receiving breast milk, the comparison was that the outcome was not given breast milk in the form of language develop­ment. Keywords for searching articles are as follows: "language development" AND "breast­feeding" OR "breastmilk" AND "child" AND "observational". The articles included in this study are full text articles with an observational study design. Articles were collected using PRISMA flow diagrams. Articles were analyzed using the Review Manager 5.3 application.

Results: A total of 11 articles were reviewed in this study. Meta-analysis of 7 cohort studies showed that breast milk improved children's language development (aOR= 1.19; 95% CI= 0.82 to 1.73; p= 0.35). Meta-analysis of 4 cross-sectional studies showed that breast milk improved children's language development (aOR= 1.54; 95%  CI= 0.72 to 3.30; p= 0.27).

Conclusion: Language development improved children's language development.

Keywords: breastfeeding, breastmilk, language development

Correspondence: Liza Laela Abida. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Su­ta­mi 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: lizalaela@gmail.com. Mobile: 085640115633.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2020), 05(04): 579-589
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.05.11.

 

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