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Relationship Between Duration of Breastfeeding and Nutritional Status and KPSP’s Score

Sri Rezki Wahdania Jamaluddin, Andi Faradilah, Rini Fitriani

Abstract

Abstract

Background: ASI is one of the factors that can affect growth and development. World Health Organization (WHO) is promoted exclusive breastfeeding and also encourages mother to raise breastfeeding until the children reach 2 year of age. This study was aimed to examine the relationship between the duration of breastfeeding with the nutritional status and KPSP’s score of the children.

Subjects and Method: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. This research was conducted in  December 2019 to January 2020  in three public health centres of South Sulawesi, Indonesia: Bontomate’ne, Jeneponto district, Bulukunyi, Takalar district, and Sudiang, Makassar city. A total of 200 mothers with children aged 1-3 years old were selected by Purposive Sampling. The dependent variables were nutritional status and KPSP score while the independent variable was duration of breastfeeding. We did an anthropometric measurement and held a  KPSP’s (Prescreening Developmental Questionnaire) to the samples. Data analysis was used Statistical for Social Science (SPPS) version 23 with Kruskal Wallis test was performed to assess the relationship between variables.

Results: This study found no significant relationship between nutritional status with length of breastfeeding time (P=0,071). Meanwhile, we found a significant relationship between KPSP score with length of breastfeeding time (P=0,018). By the result of this study, we would like to encourage the breastfeeding duration from 6 months until 24 months to achieve motoric status of the children

Conclusion: There was no association between breastfeeding duration and children nutritional status. However, children's KPSP score was associated with duration of breastfeeding.

 

Keywords: Breastfeeding, nutritional status, KPSP Score

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