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Socioeconomic Determinants of Diarrhea among Under-Five Children in Bangladesh: Do Education and Wealth Matter?

Sharlene Alauddin, M. Ershadul Haque

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study is to assess the current status of diarrhea among the under-five children in Bangla­desh by exploring the risk factors which are associated with this disease.

Subjects and Method: In this study, a nationally representative cross-sectional data had been used and the sample of women having under five children was selected by using a two stage stratified sampling method. A total of 7410 under five children were included. The depen­dent variable of this study was the status of diarrhea disease in the two weeks preceding the survey. The independent variable was edu­cation-wealth composi­tion along with some other important variables such as age of child­ren, delive­ry by caesarean section, migration status, mother’s age at birth, type of residence, source of toilet facility, sources of drinking water. The bivariate analysis was chi-square. The multi­va­riate analysis was a multiple logistic regre­ssion.

Results: According to this research study, education and wealth didn’t show any impact individually in the logistic regression model but when we excluded education and wealth from the model and create it is composition, it worked as a significant influential factor of diarrhea disease in Bangladesh. Women who were literate and their wealth status was not rich (OR= 0.64; 95% CI= 0.43 to 0.96; p= 0.030), women who were literate and rich (OR= 0.55; 95% CI= 0.35 to 0.88; p = 0.012) had significant association with childhood diarrhea. In addition to that only children age between 6-23 months (OR= 3.49; 95% CI= 2.23 to 5.48; p<0.001) and 24-35 months (OR= 1.75; 95% CI= 1.08 to 2.85; p= 0.023) worked out as a significant predictor of childhood diarrhea.

Conclusion: This study was expected to help to build up a proper understanding about the socio-economic factors in order to reduce the childhood diarrhea in Bang­la­desh.

Keywords: under-five children, child­hood diarrhea, education-wealth compo­si­tion, socioeconomic

Correspondence: Sharlene Alauddin. Statistics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bang­la­desh. Email: sharlene@ku.ac.bd.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2021), 06(04): 444-454
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2021.06.04.06

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