User

The Effect of Prenatal Yoga on Birth Labor Duration and Pain: A Meta Analysis

Meida Siwi Riawati, Uki Retno Budihastuti, Hanung Prasetya

Abstract

Background: Increased psychological burden during pregnancy can cause problems with the quality of the fetus and cause complications in pregnancy. The lack of knowledge about labor pain management and the mother's perception of prolonged labor makes the mother expe­rience an increase in the psychological burden during pregnancy. One alternative therapy needed in dealing with a happy pregnancy and minimal trauma delivery is to do prenatal yoga. The purpose of this study was to estimate the magnitude of the effect of prenatal yoga on the duration of labor and labor pain.

Subjects and Method: This study uses a systematic review and meta-analysis research design. The time of the selected test results is between 2005 to 2021. The search for articles is carried out for 1 month. Research data was searched from databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Springer Link, Google Scholar, Cho­crance Library. The inclusion criteria in this study were full text articles in English, the study design used a randomized controlled trial. Article searches were carried out using the PICO model. The population in this study were pregnant women, the intervention was in the form of prenatal yoga, comparison was without prenatal yoga, and the outcomes were labor duration and labor pain. Data processing is carried out using the Review Manager (RevMan 5.3) by calculating the standardized mean diffe­rence to determine the combined research model and form the final result of the meta-analysis.

Results: There are 9 articles in the study of the effect of prenatal yoga on the duration of labor and there are 5 articles on labor pain. The study showed that prenatal yoga significantly reduced labor duration (SMD= 0.88; 86% CI -1.31 to -0.44 p<0.001). Prenatal yoga can also reduce labor pain (SMD = 0.88; 77% CI -1.44 to -0.33 p = 0.002).

Conclusion: Prenatal yoga can reduce labor duration and reduce labor pain. 

Keywords: labor duration, labor pain, prenatal yoga, pregnancy

Correspondence: Meida Siwi Riawati. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: meida.siwi.r@gmail.com. Mobile: 0878­24093041.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2021), 06(03): 327-337
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2021.06.03.07

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aflahiyah S, Tamtomo DG, Prasetya H (2020). Effectiveness of prenatal yoga on sleep quality and reduction of anxiety during pregnancy: A Meta Analysis. Matern Child Health J. (6): 629-640. doi: 10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.06.03


Balanthakodi C, Raghunandan C, Saili A, Mondal S, Saxena P (2018). Prenatal Yoga: Effect on alleviation of labor pain and birth outcome. J Altern Complement Med.24 (12): 118-1188. doi: 10.1089/acm.2018.0079


Bussing A, Khalsa SB, Michalsen A, Sherman KJ, Telles S (2012). Yoga as a therapeutic intervention. Evid Based Complementary Altern. Med.2012: 1. doi: 10.1155/2012/174291.


Campbell D, Moore K. (2004). Yoga as a preventative and treatment for depression, anxiety, and stress.Int J Yoga Therap. 14(1): 53–58. doi: https://doi.org/10.17761/ijyt.14.1.t7427823p2478255.


CEBMa(2014). Critical appraisal. Available at: http://cebma.org/resources-and-tools/what-iscritical-appraisal/ Accesed: 21 Februari 2021.


Chuntharapat S, Petpichetchian W, Hatthakit U (2008). Yoga during pregnancy: effects on maternal comfort, labor pain and birth outcomes.Complement Ther Clin Pract. 14(2): 105–115. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2007.12.007.


Curtis K, Weinrib A, Katz J (2012). Systematic review of yoga for pregnant women: current status and future directions. Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2012:. 13 doi: 10.1155/2012/715942.


Dykema R (2011) Yoga for fitness and wellness, 2nd ed.; Cengage Learning: Boston, MA, USA,


Gupta A, Janu N, Punia R (2018). Eficacy of yoga and anupreksha in natural birthing and reducing labor duration.Saudi J Humanities Soc Sci. 23(4): 65-67. doi: 10.9790/0837-2304026567


Irianti B, Halida EM, Duhita F (2014). Asuhan kehamilan berbasis bukti (Evidence-based maternity care): jakarta:sagung seto


Jahdi F., Sheikhan F, Haghani H, Sharifi B, Ghaseminejad A, Khodarahmian M, Rouhana N (2017). Yoga during pregnancy: the effects on labor pain and delivery outcomes (a randomized controlled trial).Complement Ther Clin Pract 27: 1–4. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.12.002.


Hawrelak J, Myers S (2009). Yoga in pregnancy. J Tradit Complement Med. 8(2):59–60. doi: 10.1097/GRF.00-00000000000210


Karnasih I (2018). The effect of yoga towards birth delivery output. IJSTR. 7(12): 62-66.


Kawanishi Y, Hanley SJ, Tabata K, NakagiY, Ito T, Yoshioka E, Yoshida T, Saijo Y (2015). Effect of prenatal yoga: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. JapJ Public Health. 62(5): 221-31. doi: 10.11236/jph62.5_221


Kumar A, Chandrakar R. (2017). A study on the effect of integrated yoga on labor pain. Int J Yoga Allied Sci. 6(1):13-21.


Levvet KM, Smith CA, Bensoussan A, Dahlen HG (2017). Complementary therapies for a labour and birth study: a randomized controlled trial of antenatal integrative for pain management in labour.BMJ Open. 1-10. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010691.


Mohyadin E, Ghorashi Z, Molamomanaei Z. (2020). The effect of practicing yoga during pregnancy on labor stages leght, anxiety and pain: a randomized controlled trial.Int J Yoga Allied Sci.1-5. doi: http://doi.org/10.1515/jcim-2019-0291


Murti, B. (2018). Prinsip dan metode riset epidemiologi. Surakarta: Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret.


Narendran S, Nagarathna R, Narendran V, Gunusheela S, Nagendra HRR (2005). Efficacy of yoga on pregnancy outcome. J Complement Integr Med. 11(2): 237–244. doi: 10.1089/acm-.2005.11.237.


Rong L, Dai LJ, Ouyang YQ (2020). The effectiveness of prenatal yoga on delivery outcomes: a meta-analysis. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 39: 101157. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.1011-57.


Satyapriya M, Raghuram N, Venkatram P, Ramarao NH (2013). The effect of integraded yoga on labor outcome: a randomized controlled study. Inter J Birth. 3(3). doi: 10.1891/2156-5287-.3.3.165


Shim CS, Lee YS. effects of a yoga-focused prenatal program on stress, anxiety, self confidence and labor pain in pregnant women with in vitro fertilization treatment.J Korean Acad Nurs. 42(3): 369-76.doi:10.4040/jkan.2012.42.3.369


Sun YC, Hung, YC, Chang Y, Kuo SC (2010). Effects of a prenatal yoga programme on the discomforts of pregnancy and maternal childbirth self-efficacy in taiwan.J Midwifery. 26(2010)e31–e36. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2009.01.005


Yekefallah L, Namdar P, Dehghankar L, Golestaneh F, Taheri S, Mohammad-khaniha F (2021). The effect of yoga on the delivery and neonatal out-comes in nulliparous pregnant women in iran: a clinical trial study.J Res Square.2-15. doi: http://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.