User

The Relationship between Maternal Characteristics and Health Workers Role on Early Complementary Feeding in the Era of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Fitri Ramadhani, Endyka Erye Frety, Dominicus Husada

Abstract

Background: Early complementary feeding in Indonesia, especially in Palu city, is still relatively high and should focus. Early complementary feeding can negatively affect babies, such as being more susceptible to disease than babies who only get breast milk. This study aims to analyze the relationship between maternal characteristics and the role of health workers on early complementary feeding in the Pantoloan Public Health Center, Palu City.

Subjects and Method: This research is quantitative research with a cross-sectional study. The study was conducted in all Integrated Healthcare Centers in the Pantoloan Health Center working area from April to October 2021. The research sample was mothers aged 0-6 months with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Sampling is done by total sampling. Complementary feeding was the depen­dent variable in this study. The independent variables in this study were the mother's characteristics in the form of age, education, occupation, maternal parity, and the role of health workers. This Data was collected using a questionnaire and analyzed by univariate and bivariate tests.

Results: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between maternal charac­teristics in the form of age (p= 0.031), education (p= 0.002), occupation (p= 0.035), parity (p= 0.027), and the role of health workers (p= 0.046) in the provision of early complementary feeding in the work area of the Pantoloan Public Health Center, Palu City.

Conclusion: Early complementary feeding can be influenced by maternal characteristics such as age, education, occupation, and parity, as well as the influence of the role of health workers.

Keywords: maternal characteristics, health workers, complementary feeding, diarrhea, infant mortality

Correspondence: Endyka Erye Frety. Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Jl. Mayjen Prof. Dr. Moestopo 47, Surabaya, Jawa Timur. E-mail: endyka-erye-frety@fk.unair.ac.id. Mobile: +6285646706520.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2021), 06(06): 698-706
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2021.06.06.08

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aldriana N (2015). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian MP-ASI Dini Di Desa 2 Dayo Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tandun II Kabupaten Rokan Hulu Tahun 2013. Jurnal Maternity and Neonatal. 3(2): 1–9. Retrieved from: https://e-journal.upp.ac.id/index.php/akbd/article/view/1085.


Aprilina HD, Rahmawati R (2018). Hubungan faktor budaya dan tingkat pengetahuan ibu dengan pemberian MPASI dini. Journal of Health Studies. 2(2): pp. 43–50. doi: 10.31101/jhes.385.


Artini B (2018) Analisis faktor yang memengaruhi pemberian MPASI dini. Jurnal Kebidanan. 7(1): 1-52. doi: 10.47560/keb.v7i1.99.


Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah, 2020. Profil Kesehatan Tahun 2020. [online] Palu: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah Retrieved from: https://dinkes.sultengprov.go.id/wpcontent/uploads/2018/06/profil-Dinkes-Sulteng-TA.-2019.pdf


Fitriana EI, Anzar J, Theodorus T (2016) Dampak usia pertama pemberian makanan pendamping asi terhadap status gizi bayi usia 8-12 bulan di Kecamatan Seberang Ulu I Palembang. Sari Pediatri. 15(4): 249. https://doi.org/10.14-238/sp15.4.2013.249-53.


Ginting D, Sekarwarna N, Sukandar H (2015). Pengaruh karakteristik, faktor internal dan eksternal ibu terhadap pemberian mp-asi pada bayi usia < 6 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Barusjahe Kabupaten Karo Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan. 7(38): 1–13.


Indriyani D (2011). Buku ajar keperawatan maternitas upaya promotif dan preventif dalam menurunkan angka kematian ibu dan bayi. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.


Irianti B, Sari EP (2019). Karakteristik ibu memberikan makanan pendamping asi (complementary feeding) pada bayi usia 0–6 bulan di wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Harapan Raya Pekanbaru tahun 2018. Al-Insyirah Midwifery: Jurnal Ilmu Kebidanan (Journal of Midwifery Sciences). 8(2): 106–112. doi: 10.35328/kebidanan.v8i2.157.


Juliyandari A (2018). Hubungan karakteristik ibu dan perilaku dalam pemberian complementary feeding dini dengan pertumbuhan bayi usia 0-6 bulan (studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Poncol Kota Semarang tahun 2017). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 6(9): 1689–1699.


Kumalasari (2015). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian makanan pendamping asi dini. Jurnal Aisyah: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan. 2(2): 141–152.


Nasution AAA (2018). Jurnal kesehatan ilmiah indonesia (indonesian health scientific journal). Jurnal Kesehatan Ilmiah Indonesia. 3(2): 22–28.


Potts KS, Asaba M, Mulugeta A, Bazzano A (2021). Early breastfeeding and complementary feeding in Ethiopia: cross-sectional data from implementation of nutrition programming on regional inequalities. Heliyon. 7(4): e06746. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06746.


Puspitasari DP (2018). Hubungan faktor predisposing, enabling, dan reinforcing dengan pemberian makanan pendamping asi (mp-asi) dini pada bayi umur 0-6 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tanjungsari Kota Surabaya. Skripsi: Universitas Airlangga.


Putri RN (2020). Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi. 20(2): 705. doi: https://doi.org/10.33-087/jiubj.v20i2.1010.


Rahmawati EA, Juniawati N, Prastitis K, Fitri A, fahrun N (2020). Upaya pencegahan penyakit diare pada anak melalui pendidikan kesehatan dan tindakan cuci tangan di rw 02 kelurahan Slipi Jakarta Barat. Jurnal Kreativitas Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. 3(1): 316–322.


Sadli M (2019). Hubungan sosial budaya dan peran petugas kesehatan dengan perilaku pemberian complementary feeding dini pada bayi usia 0-6 Bulan. Jurnal Kebidanan. 11(01): 15. doi: 10.35872/jurkeb.v11i01.326.


Sani N, Abidin Z (2014). Hubungan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat ibu balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Candra Mukti Kabupaten Tulang Bawang Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran dan Kesehatan. 1(3): 3. doi: https://doi.org/10.33024/.v1i3.677


Sugiharti (2011). Hubungan antara pengetahuan dan pekerjaan dengan pemberian complementary feeding dini pada bayi usia kurang dari 6 bulan. In Proceeding 2017 Seminar Hasil-Hasil Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat “Pharmacist’s Role in Drug Abuse” Pembina.


Sulistyoningsih H (2011). Gizi untuk kesehatan ibu dan anak. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, hlm. 21


Suparyanto (2012). Konsep dukungan keluarga. [online]. Retrieved from: http://dr-suparyanto.blogspot.com/2012/03/konsep-dukungan-keluarga.html (8 Mei 2021).


Sutarto Y (2020). Gambaran pengetahuan remaja tentang resiko pernikahan dini di Desa Jatisari Kecamatan Kutawaringin Kabupaten Bandung. Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Administrasi. 13(1).


Triana H (2012). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian susu formula pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di kelurahan helvetia timur. Jakarta: FKM USU.


Wang L, Grieken AV, Velde LA, Vlasblom E, Beltman M, L’Hoir MP, Boere-Boonekamp M, et al. (2019). Factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding and consumption of non-recommended foods among Dutch infants: The BeeBOFT study. BMC Public Health. 19(1): 1–13. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6722-4.


WHO (2017). Guidance on ending for infants and promotion of foods the inappropriate young children, guidance on ending the inappropriate promotion of foods for infants and young children: implementation manual. Retrieved from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/260137/9789241513470-eng.pdf.


WHO (2019). Appropriate complementary feeding. [online]. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/elena/titles/complementary_feeding/en/ [Accessed 25 Juni. 2021]. (2019).


Winarsih O, Muharyani PW, Herliawati H (2020). Hubungan faktor internaldan eksternal ibu dengan ketepatan pemberian complementary feeding. In Proceeding Seminar Nasional Keperawatan. 6(1): 122-129.


Winona L, Sari F (2016). Pemberian makanan pendamping air susu ibu (MP-ASI) dini pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan di BPM N Jakarta Selatan tahun 2016. Jurnal Bidang Ilmu Kesehatan. 2(8): 495–499.


Yuliani Y (2019). Beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi pemberian makanan pendamping air susu ibu (MP-ASI) dini pada bayi usia 0-6 bulan. Jurnal Ilmiah Kebidanan Indonesia. 9(2): 58–65.


Zielinska MA, et al. (2019). Factors influencing the age of complementary feeding a cross-sectional study from two European countries. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 16(20): 1–19. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203799.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.