User

A Descriptive Study of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Yogyakarta

Indriani Indriani, Siti Hardyanti

Abstract

Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a disorder of carbohydrate tolerance that increases blood sugar levels. It is first known during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. This study aims to determine the description of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) incidence in Sleman Yogyakarta in 2018.
Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive study. This study used secondary data wich written from medicalrecords blood sugar classification ≥105 gr/dL and fasting blood sugar ≥126 gr/dL. The population was 1023. The sample was 80 which was taken by using simple random sampling technique from January-December 2018 at Minggir Primary Health Center, Tempel I Primary Health Center and Mlati 1 Primary Health Center, Sleman, Yogyakarta.
Results: The results of the study showed that from 80 pregnant women who examined their blood sugar levels, 47 subjects (58.8%) experienced DMG, 39 subjects (48.8%) aged ≥35 years, 50 subjects (62.5%) had preterm gestational age, 34 subjects (42.5%) had primary education (elementary/ junior high school), 47 subjects (58.8%) did not work/housewives, 54 subjects (67.5%) were parity ≥2x, 38 subjects (47.5%) were overweight, 47 subjects (58.8%) had GDM history, 47 subjects (58.8%) had hypertension in pregnancy, and 41 subjects (51.3%) had an incomplete Ante Natal Care (ANC) examination.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the incidence of GDM in Sleman is high, with characteristics of age at risk (≥35 years), history of previous illnesses and obesity.

Keywords: gestasional diabetes mellitus, incidence, pregnant women

Correspondence: Indriani, Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: indriani@unisayogya.ac.id. Phone: +628213764529.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2022), 07(02): 148-157
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2022.07.02.04

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Dinas Kesehatan (2019). Profil Kesehatan Tahun 2019 Kabupaten Sleman (Data Tahun 2018), Yogyakarta.


Domanski G, Lange AE, Ittermann T, Allenberg H, Spoo RA, Zygmunt M, Heckmann M (2018). Evaluation of neonatal and maternal morbidity in mothers with gestational diabetes: a population-based study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 18(1): 367. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-2005-9.


Farrar D (2016). Hyperglycemia in preg-nancy: Prevalence, impact, and management challenges. International Journal of Women’s Health, 8, 519–527. doi: 10.2147/IJWH.S102117.


Cahyani I, Kusumaningrum SD (2017). Karakteristik ibu hamil dengan hiperglikemi. 1(4): 131–142. Retrieved from http://journal.unnes.-ac.id/sju/index.php/higeia


Lagadec N, Steinecker M, Kapassi A, Magnier A M, Chastang J, Robert S, Ibanez G (2018). Factors influencing the quality of life of pregnant women: A systematic review 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 18(1): 1–14. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-2087-4


Lawrence RL, Wall CR, Bloomfield FH (2019). Prevalence of gestational diabetes according to commonly used data sources: An observational study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 19(1), 1–9. doi: 10.1186/s12884-019-2521-2


Morampudi S, Balasubramanian G, Gowda A, Zomorodi B, Patil AS (2017). The challenges and recommendations for gestational diabetes mellitus care in India: A review. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 8(MAR). doi: 10.3389/fendo.2017.00056


Ngala RA, Fondjo LA, Gmagna P, Ghartey FN, Awe MA (2017). Placental peptides metabolism and maternal factors as predictors of risk of gestational diabetes in pregnant women. A case-control study. PLoS ONE, 12(7), 1–15. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181-613.


Pahlawati A, Nugroho PS (2019). Hubungan tingkat pendidikan dan usia dengan kejadian diabetes melitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Palaran Kota Samarinda Tahun 2019. Borneo Student Research (BSR). 1(1): 1–5. Retrieved from http://journals.umkt.ac.id/index.php/bsr/article/view/479


Pauley AM, Hohman E, Savage JS, Rivera DE, Guo P, Leonard KS, Symons Downs D (2018). Gestational weight gain intervention impacts determinants of healthy eating and exercise in overweight/ obese pregnant wo-men. Journal of Obesity, 2018. doi: 10.1155/2018/6469170.


PERKENI (2010). Konsensus pengelolaan dan pencegahan diabetes melitus tipe 2 di Indonesia. Jakarta: PERKENI.


Prawirohardjo S (2010). Ilmu Kebidanan. Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono.


Rahayu A, Rodiani (2016). Efek diabetes melitus gestasional terhadap kelahiran bayi makrosomia. Majority, 5(4), 17–22.


Riskesdas (2018). Hasil utama riskesdas 2018, Kementerian Kesehatan, Riset Kesehatan Dasar.


Stanford KI, Goodyear LJ (2014). Exercise and type 2 diabetes: Molecular mechanisms regulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle. Advances in Physiology Education, 38(4): 308–314. doi: 10.1152/advan.00080.2014


Taber L, Silveira M, Marcus B, Braun, B, Stsnek E, Markenson G (2016). Feasibility and efficacy of a physical activity intervention among pregnant women: the behaviors affecting baby and you (B.A.B.Y.) Study Physiology & Behavior, 176(3), 139–148.


Putri TMDM, Wahjudi P, Prasetyowati I (2018). Gambaran Kondisi Ibu Hamil dengan Diabetes Mellitus di RSD dr. Soebandi Jember Tahun 2013-2017. Pustaka Kesehatan, 6(1), 46.


WHO (2014). Diabetes melitus, WHO News: Fact Sheets. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentr e/factshe ets/fs138/en/ 1 April 2014.


Yeto M, Rombot DV, Tucunan AA (2014). Hubungan antara IMT dan riwayat keluarga dengan kejadian diabetes melitus di RSUD Dr Sam Ratulangi Tondano. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sam Ratulangi.




Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.