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Family Approach Model in Affecting Cognitive and Psychomotor of Women of Reproductive Age to Use Long-term Contraceptive Method

Widya Kusumawati, Lely Khulafa’ur Rosidah

Abstract

Background: Family planning and birtth con­trol is a program launched by the government to overcome population problems. Based on the Indonesian health profile in 2016, the new and active family planning participants mostly pre­ferred injections and tablets (short-term con­traception). The use of short-term contracep­tion tends to decrease the continuity of contra­ceptive use. It may affect the fertility rate. The family approach model was expected to be able to contribute in overcoming population pro­blems, especially in making decisions for the use of the Long-term Contraceptive Method. This study aimed to determine the family approach model in affecting cognitive and psy­chomotor of women of reproductive age to use long-term contraceptive method.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi experimental study with pre and post designs. This study was conducted at the Ngampel village, Mojoroto District, Kediri City, East Java, from June to July 2019. This study popu­lation was all women of reproductive age. A sample of 30 women of reproductive age was selected by purposive sampling. The dependent variable were the cognitive and psychomotor aspects. The independent variable was the family approach. The data was collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed with Mann Whitney.

Results: The cognitive and psychomotor aspects after giving a family approach model to the treatment group (Mean= 6.60) were higher than the control group (Mean= 6.00). The result was statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Family approach model can be used as an alternative solution to population problems. The family approach model can affect cognitive and psychomotor aspects. It can contribute to the decision making for the use of the Long-term Contraceptive Method.

 

Keywords: family approach model, long-term contraceptive method

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2020), 5(4): 346-351
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2020.05.04.01

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