Article Processing Charge (APC)
This is an open-access online journal. All published articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to access, read, download, and print. The online publication process does involve costs. To cover these costs and publish valuable research articles in open access system, this journal relies on Article Processing Charges (APC), also known as publication fees. The amount of a one-time Article Processing Charge is USD 100, which is paid by the author or the institution only if the article is accepted for publication. There is no submission fee and this APC is not a submission fee. There are no fees other than the APC for articles that are accepted for publication.