User

Influence of Psycho-Socio-Economic Factors, Parenting Style, and Sibling Rivalry, on Mental and Emotional Development of Preschool Children in Sidoarjo District

Rahma Fauziyah, Harsono Salimo, Bhisma Murti

Abstract

Background: Preschool development is an influential basic stage for further development. Parents and siblings have an important role for a child's development. Parenting may be the best tool for the development of complete and integrated childhood personality. This study aimed to examine the influence of psycho-socio-economic factors, parenting style, and sibling rivalry, on mental and emotional development of preschool children.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study using cross sectional design. The study was conducted at 4 Community Health Centers, Sidoarjo District, East Java, from March to May 2017. A sample of 120 preschool children were selected for this study by multistage random sampling. The dependent variable was mental and emotional development. The independent variables were maternal education, family income, number of children, belief of child value, parenting style, and sibling rivalry. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire. Path analysis was employed for data analysis.

Results: Mental and emotional development was directly affected by authoritative parenting style (b=4.81; 95% CI= 3.05 to 6.56; p=<0.001) and sibling rivalry (b=2.45; 95% CI= 0.92 to 3.99; p=0.002). Authoritative parenting style was positively affected by maternal education ≥senior high school (b=2.14; 95% CI= 0.03 to 4.24; p=0.046), family income ≥ minimum regional wage (b=1.41; 95% CI= 0.07 to 2.75; p=0.038), and positive belief of child value (b=1.34; 95% CI= 0.01 to 2.68; p=0.049). Family income was affected by maternal education ≥senior high school (b=2.84; 95% CI= 1.85 to 3.83; p<0.001). Sibling rivalry was affected by number of children ≥2 (b=1.85; 95% CI= 1.06 to 2.65; p<0.001). Number of children ≥2 was affected by positive belief of child value (b= 3.77; 95% CI= 2.27 to 5.27; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Mental and emotional development is directly affected by parenting style and sibling rivalry. It is indirectly affected by maternal education, family income, belief of child value, and number of children.

Keywords: parenting style, sibling rivalry, mental development, emotional development, pre­s­c­ho­ol­­ children 

Correspondence: Rahma Fauziyah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: rahma2niez@yahoo.com. Mobile: +6281230­7­0­1­5­­91

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2017), 2(3): 233-244
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2017.02.03.05

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anonim (2012). Peran Keluarga Mengendalikan Kenakalan Anak. http://www.sekolahdasar.net/2012/09/peran-keluarga-dalam mengendalikan-kenakalan-anak.html. Diakses tanggal 10 Desember 2016.


Ayu SR (2013). Dampak Sibling Rivalry (Persaingan Saudara Kandung) Pada Anak Usia Dini. Journal. unnes. ac.id.


Azmita N (2011). Faktor Dominan Karakteristik Ibu yang Berhubungan dengan Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Balita Usia 2-5 tahun di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Nanggalo Kota Padang. Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Andalas.


Baumrind D (1991). The Influence of Parenting Style on Adolescent Com-petence and Substance Use. Journal of Early Adolescent 11(1): 56-95.


Baumrind D (2004). Pola Asuh Otoritas Orang Tua. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia


Briggs R (2012). The Importance of Social Emotional Development in Early Childhood. Pediatrics For Parent.


Damayanti M (2011). Masalah Mental dan Emosional pada Remaja, Deteksi dan Intervensi. Sari Pediatri 13 (1): 45-51.


Desy W (2013). Hubungan Antara Pola Asuh Orang Tua, Motivasi Belajar, Kedewasaan Dan Kedisiplinan Siswa Dengan Prestasi Belajar Sosiologi Siswa di Wonogiri. Skripsi.Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.


Eka N (2014). Pola Asuh Orang Tua Dalam Membentuk Kecerdasan Emosional Anak. Yogyakarta.


Hanum AL, Aziz A, Hidayat A (2015). Faktor Dominan Pada Kejadian Sibling Rivalry Pada Anak Usia Pra-sekolah. Program Studi S1 Keperawatan Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan 1 Universitas Muhammadiyah Sura-baya. THE SUN 2(2).


Hariyanti M (2016). Sibling Rivalry Pada Anak yang Kesundulan. Skripsi. UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim : Malang


Hakvoort, Esther M, Bos HMW, Balen F, Hermanns JMA (2010). Family Relationships and the Psychosocial Adjustment of School-Aged Children in Intact Families. The Journal of Genetic Psychology 171 (2): 182-201.


Howe & Rechia (2012). Sibling Relations and Their Impact on Children’s Development. Centre for Research in Human Development, Concordia University, Canada. Diakses 29 November 2016. pdf


Hurlock EB (1995). Psikologi Perkembangan. Penerjemah: Istiwidiyanti dan Soedjarwo. Jakarta: Erlangga.


Hurlock EB (2013). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan, Edisi 5. Alih bahasa: Istiwidayanti dan Soedjarwo. Jakarta: Erlangga


Ika F, Luthfatul L, Dewi N (2010). Hubungan Tipe Pola Asuh Orang Tua Dengan Emotional Quotient (EQ) Pada Anak Usia Prasekolah (3-5 Tahun) di TK Islam Al-Fattah Sumampir Purwokerto Utara. Jurnal keperawatan Soedirman 5(1).


Isfandari S (2012). Gejala Gangguan Mental Emosional pada Anak. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan 25 (3): 53-60.


Ita L (2011). Penyebab Terjadinya Sibling Rivalry Pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Kelurahan Jomblang Kota Semarang. Diakses pada tanggal 29 November 2016.


Junaidi W (2010). Macam-macam Pola Asuh Orang Tua. Diunduh pada 22 November 2016.


Kementrian Kesehatan (2012). Pedoman Pelaksanaan Stimulasi, Deteksi, Intervensi Dini Tumbuh Kembang Anak Ditingkat Pelayanan Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta.


Khalid H, Khawar K, Fawad M, Farhat M, Imran M, Shanawaz M, Shahid M, Yousaf P, Saleem Q, Ahmed S, Sarwar R, Ali KH, Humayun A (2015). Age of Menarche in Realtion to Sosioeconomic Status BMI, Phisycal Activity and Stress among High School Girl. Proceeding S.Z.P.G.MI 29: 35-40.


Kurniani D (2012). Hubungan Pola Asuh Orang Tua Dengan Kejadian Sibling Rivalry Pada Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun Di Puskesmas Tirto I. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah. Pekalongan.


Kustanti (2014). Pengaruh Pola Asuh Otoriter Orang Tua terhadap Konsep Diri Anak. Jurnal Motivasi 2 (1). Diakses 10 September 2016. pdf

Latifah, Melly, Mulyani, dan Sri Rahayu (2011). Studi Nilai Anak, Jumlah Anak Yang Diinginkan, Dan Keikutsertaan Orang Tua Dalam Program KB. Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Jur. Ilm. Kel. & Kons., Januari 4(1): 37-45.


Murti B (2013). Desain dan Ukuran Sampel untuk Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kua-litatif di Bidang Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.


Nisa, Zuhrotun, Maghfuroh, Lilis, dan Supanik (2011). Hubungan Sikap Orang Tua Dengan Kejadian Sibling Rivalry Pada Anak Usia Toddler di Desa Gendong Kulon Babat Lamongan. SURYA 03(VII).


Nurmalitasari F (2015). Perkembangan Sosial Emosi pada Anak Usia Prasekolah. Program Magister Psikologi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada; Buletin Psikologi (23) 2.


Papalia E (2014). Menyelami Perkembangan Manusia (Experience Human Development). Jakarta: Salemba Humanika


Putri A (2013). Dampak sibling rivalry (persaingan saudara kandung) pada anak usia dini. Skripsi. Universitas Negeri Semarang


Restiti M (2012). Peranan Orang Tua terhadap Perkembangan Sosial Emosional Anak Kelompok B Di Tk Pertiwi 1 Sragen Tahun Ajaran 2011/ 2012. Naskah Publikasi. Universitas Muhammadiyah.


Thompson J (2012). Implicit Belief about Relationship Impact the Sibling Jealousy Experience. Diakses 1 Desember 2016. pdf


Weitzman M, Roshenthal DG, and Liu YH (2011). Paternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Behavioral or Emotional Problems in the United States. Pediatrics 128(6): 1126−34.


Yuliati (2012). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu dengan Reaksi Sibling Rivalry pada Anak Usia Prasekolah di TK Mranggen I Srumbung Magelang. Skripsi. Semarang. FIK Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.