Contextual Factors of Posyandu on Cadre Performance in Providing Maternal and Child Health Service in Surakarta, Central Java


  • Restu Pangestuti Masters program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Endang Sutisna Sulaeman Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: Cadre performance is an indicator of the success of the Posyandu program in maternal and child health services. Individual and social factors can influence the performance of cadres in providing health services. The purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting cadre performance in Surakarta, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study with a cross sectional design. The study was conducted on 25 integrated health services (posyandu) in Surakarta, Central Java, from June to July 2019. A sample of 200 cadres was selected by simple random sampling. The de


Anwar F, Khomsan A, Sukandar D, Riyadi H, Mudjajanto ES (2010). High participation in the posyandu nutrition program improved children nutritional status. Nutr Res Pract, 4(3): 208-214. doi: 10.4162/nrp.2010.4.3.208[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Cifuentes FR, Farfan J, Topa G (2018). Older worker identity and job performance: the moderator role of subjective age and self-efficacy. MDPI: Environ Res Public Health, 15(2731): 1-13. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15122731[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Epstein A, Moucheraud C, Sarma H, Rahman M, Triqujjaman M, Ahmed T, Glenn J, Bossert T, Kruk ME (2019). Does health worker performance affect clients

10.1186/s12913-019-4205-z [Crossref] [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Fogarty L, Kim Young M, Juon HS, Tappis H, Noh JW, Zainullah P, Rozario A (2014). Job satisfaction and retention of health-care providers in Afghanistan and Malawi. BioMed Central: Human Resources for Health, 12 (11): 1-12. doi: 10.1186/1478-4491-12-11[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Hotchkiss DR, Banteyerga H, Tharaney M (2015). Job satisfaction and motivation among public sector health workers: evidence from Ethiopia. BioMed Central: Human Res Health,13(83): 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s12960-015-0083-6[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Jonge J, Peeters Maria CW. 2019. The vital worker: towards sustainable performance at work. MDPI: J Environ Res Public Health, 16 (910): 1-6. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16060910 [Crossref][PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Kane S, Kok M, Ormel H, Otiso L, Sidat M, Namakhoma I, Nasir S, Gemechu D, Rashid S, Taegtmeyer M, Theobald S, Koning K (2016). Limits and opportunities to community health worker empowerment: a multicounty comparative study. Elseiver: Soc Sci Med,217-34.

doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.07.019 [Crossref] [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Kementerian Kesehatan RI (2012). Posyandu cadre handbook. Jakarta: Pusat Promosi Kesehatan. [Website]

Kementerian Kesehatan RI (2017). Indonesian Health Profile of 2017. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI. [Website]

Kusuma D, Cohen J, Margaret M, Berman P (2016). Can cash transfers improve determinants of maternal mortality? Evidence from the house hold and community programs in Indonesia. Eilseiver: Soc Sci Med, 10-20. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.06.020[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Lengkong GC, Rumayar AA, Maramis FR (2019). The relationship between motivation and work discipline with performance at the Tomaskasen Community Health Center in Tomohon. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat: Universitas Sam Ratulangi, 7(4):1-8. [Website]

Liang K, Fung IWH, Xiong C, Luo H (2019). Understanding the factors and the corresponding interactions that influence construction worker safety performance from competency model based perspective: evidence from Scaffolders in China. MDPI: J Environ

Res Public Health, 16(1885): 1-23. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16111885 [Crossref] [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Limato R, Ahmed R, Magdalena A, Nasir S, Kotvojs F (2018). Use of most significant change (MSC) technique to evaluate health promotion training of maternal community health workers in Cianjur district, Indonesia. Elsevier: Evaluation and Program

Planning,(66): 102-110. doi: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2017.10.011 [Crossref] [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Lolita, Dewi YLR, Murti B (2019). Multilevel analysis on the contextual effect of the integrated health post activity on development of children under five in Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan. J Matern Child Health, 4(4): 222-229. doi: 10.26911/thejmch.2019.04.04.01[Crossref] [Google Scholar] 

Nazri C, Yamazaki C, Komeo S, Herawati DMD, Sekarwana N, Raksanagara A (2016). Factors influencing mother

Health, 16(69): 2-9. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-2732-7 [Crossref] [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Rakhmahayu A, Dewi YLR, Murti B (2019). Logistic regression analysis on the determinants of stunting among children aged 6-24 months in Purworejo regency, Central Java. J Matern Child Health, 4(3): 158-169. doi: 10.26911/thejmch.2019.04.03.03[Crossref] [Google Scholar] 

Sinta P, Salimo H, Pamungkasari EP (2017). Multilevel analysis on the biosocial and economic determinants of exclusive breastfeeding. J Matern Child Health, 2(4): 356-370. doi: 10.26911/thejmch.2017.02.04.06[Crossref] [Google Scholar] 

Spook SM, Koolhaas W, Bultmann U, Brouwer S (2019). Implementing sensor technology applications for workplace health promotions: a need assessment among worker with physically demanding work. BMC Public Health, 19 (1100): 1-9. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7364-2[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Sudagung AD, Hidayat T, Rifawan A, Mulyana Y (2017). Posyandu as Indonesia's soft power in global health diplomacy. J IntStud, 1(2): 190-206. doi: 10.24198/intermestic.v1n2.8 [Crossref][Google Scholar] 

Susanto T, Syahrul, Sulistyorini L, Rondhianto, Yudisianto A (2017). Local-food-based complementary feeding for the nutritional status of children ages 6-36 months in rural areas of Indonesia. Korean J Pediatr. 60(10): 320-326. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2017.60.10.320[Crossref] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 

Whidden C, Kayentao K, Liu JX, Lee S, Keita Y, Diakite D, Diarra S, Edwards J, Yembrick A, Holeman I, Samake S, Plea B, Coumare M, Johnson AD (2018). Improving community health worker performance by using a personalized feedback dashboard for supervision:

A randomized controlled trial. J Glob Health, 8(2): 1-13. doi: 10.7189/jogh.08.020418 [Crossref] [PubMed][Google Scholar]




How to Cite

Pangestuti, R., Dewi, Y. L. R., & Sulaeman, E. S. (2020). Contextual Factors of Posyandu on Cadre Performance in Providing Maternal and Child Health Service in Surakarta, Central Java. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 5(1), 27–34. Retrieved from