Burnout among Indian Maternity Care Providers during COVID-19 Pandemic

Sayanti Paul, D Joycerani, Mansi Upadhyaya, Poushali Sanyal, Arghya Pal


Background: Occupational burnout among healthcare providers has been a matter of focus since many years. Burnout can involve emotional and physical exhaustion and cause reduced acknow-led¬gement of personal accomplishment. Burnout can be accentuated in times of increased stress on healthcare system, like during the current episode of COVID-19 pandemic. Maternity care providers (MCP) face unique challenge in the given context owing to longer duty hours, high exposure to emergency situations and high expectation of deliverance.

Subjects and Method: An online, nationwide, invited survey was conducted involving 198 MCP (28 interns, 52 residents, 82 consultant/faculty, 36 staff nurses) who were assessed for burnout and professional fulfillment using Professional fulfillment index (PFI), for self-preparedness regarding COVID-19 using Knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) ques¬tio¬nnai¬re and for family support using another questionnaire.

Results: The prevalence of burnout in MCP was 36.36%. It was significantly high among interns posted in maternity services (64.28%) and least amongst obstetrics residents (26.92%). MCP with burnout tended to have higher number of night-shifts and employ¬ment in government set-ups. Subjects with burnout also scored lower on KAP questionnaire and, professional fulfillment and worse family support.

Conclusion: The prevalence of burnout in MCP was quite high, but our study could not find any significant rise during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cross-sectional design and possible selection bias were the major limitations of our study. Our study provides important clues required in the micro-planning that can help lessen the burden of burnout in MCP.

Keywords: burnout, maternity care provider, obstetrics, professional fulfillment, COVID-19.

Correspondence: Arghya Pal. Department of Psychiatry. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Email- Mobile: 9674417987.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2022), 07(02): 125-137


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