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Biopsychosocial Analysis of Factors on COVID-19 Screening Awareness of Infertile Couples in Assisted Reproductive Technology

Uki Retno Budihastuti, Abdurahman Laqif, Eriana Melinawati, Teguh Prakosa, Hermawan Udiyanto, Heru Priyanto Priyanto, Darto Darto, Affi Angelia Rantasari, Trisulo Wasyanto, Asih Anggraeni, Agung Sari Wijayanti

Abstract

Background: The development of screening methods for infertility patients during the Coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic provides new challenges in the adaptation of children's want programs in the era of the COVID-19pandemic. Several screening methods have been developed but various factors affect the awareness of couples to want to do COVID-19 screening. This study aimed to analyze biopsychosocial factors associated with awareness of COVID-19 screening in infertile couples.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study conducted at The Sekar Polyclinic of Dr. Moewardi Regional General Hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic. A number of 60 infertile couple of reproductive age who underwent the ART program was selected by random sampling. The dependent variable was awareness for COVID-19 screening. The independent variables were anxiety, knowledge, age, and length of infertility. The data were obtained from medical record and questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Anxiety (OR= 26; 95% CI; p<0.001) and above-average knowledge levels (OR=16; 95% CI; p<0.001) affected awareness for COVID-19 screening. While the age and length of infertility do not affect awareness for COVID-19 screening (p >0.05).

Conclusion: Anxiety and above-average knowledge levels affect awareness for COVID-19 screening.

Keywords: biopsychosocial, COVID-19 screening, infertile, assisted reproductive technology.

Correspondence: Uki Retno Budihastuti. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Uni­ver­sitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: ukiretno@staff.uns.ac.id. Mobile: 08122656140.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2021), 06(05): 539-546
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2021.06.05.04

 

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