User

The Effectiveness of Acupressure Points PC-6 and SP-3 on the Hyperemesis Gravidarum in Pregnant Women

Matilda Bupu Ria, Brigita Dina Manek

Abstract

Background: Handling of nausea and vomiting in first trimester mothers (emesis gravidarum) is mostly still using pharmacological therapy, even though there is a simple event by using massage at acupuncture points to treat emesis gravidarum. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of PC-6 and SP-3 acupressure on emesis gravidarum in first trimester pregnant women.

Subjects and Method: This study is a quasi-experimental research design using a control group pretest-posttest design. The study was conducted in July-August 2021. The population in this study were all pregnant women who experienced nausea and vomiting in the 1st trimester in the Nurobo Health Center Work area, Malacca Regency. A total of 40 pregnant women in the 1st trimester were used as samples which were divided into 4 groups of 10 people each, namely group 1 (PC-6 acupressure), group 2 (SP-3 acupressure), group 3 (combination of PC-6 and SP-3 acupressure), and group 4 or control group (vitamin B6). The sample was selected by consecutive sampling technique. Data analysis using Wilcoxon Rank-Test and Paired T-Test.

Results: After intervention of accupressure in PC-6 point, SP-3 point, or combination of both PC-6 and SP-3 reduced frequency of vomiting and nausea and duration of nausea.

Conclusion: accupressure in PC-6 point, SP-3 point, or combination of both PC-6 and SP-3 reduce frequency of vomiting and nausea and duration of nausea in pregnant women.

Keywords: emesis gravidarum, PC-6 acupressure, SP-3 acupressure

Correspondence: Matilda Bupu Ria. Midwifery Study Program, Intitute Health Sciences Maranatha, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Email: matilda­bu­pu­ria­19@gmail.com.

Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2022), 07(02): 138-147
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2022.07.02.03

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adlan AS, Chooi KY, Mat Adenan NA (2017). Acupressure as adjuvant treatment for the inpatient management of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: A double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 43(4): 662-668. doi: 10.1111/jog.13269.


Alan H, Pressman SB (2007). The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Vitamins and Minerals. 3rd Edition. New York.


Bai G, Korfage IJ, Groen EH, Jaddoe VW, Mautner E, Raat H (2016). Associations between nausea, vomiting, fatigue and health-related quality of life of women in early pregnancy: the generation R study. PLoS One. 11(11): e0166133. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.-0166133.


Bustos M, Venkataramanan R, Caritis S (2017). Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy - What’s new? Autonomic Neuroscience. 202: 62–72. doi: 10.1016/-j.autneu.2016.05.002.


Chambers AE, Fairbairn C, Gaudoin M, Mills W, Woo I, Pandian R, Stanczyk FZ, et al. (2019). Soluble LH-HCG receptor and oestradiol as predictors of pregnancy and live birth in IVF. Reprod Biomed Online. 38(2): 159-168. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.11.019.


Fitriana D (2012). Perbandingan efektifitas akupresure perikardium dengan aromaterapi terhadap penurunan mual muntah pada ibu hamil di Pulau Lombok (Comparison of the effectiveness of pericardial acupressure with aromatherapy on reducing nausea and vomiting in pregnant women on the island of Lombok). Jurnal Kebidanan.


Maternity D, Ariska P, Sari DY (2017). Inhalasi lemon mengurangi mual muntah pada ibu hamil trimester satu (inhaling lemon reduces nausea and vomiting in first trimester pregnant women). Jurnal Kebidanan. 2(3): 10–15. Retrieved from: https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/227233-inhalasi-lemon-mengurangi-mual-muntah-pa-c458d0f0.pdf. Diakses 26 April 2021.


Hakam M, Yetti K, Hariyati T (2014). Intervensi kebebasan emosional spiritual teknik ( seft) untuk review mengurangi rasa nyeri pasien kanker (Spiritual emotional freedom intervention technique (seft) to reduce pain in cancer patients). Makara Kesehatan.


Irmayasari H (2009). Hubungan kadar hormon hcg dengan frekuensi emesis gravidarum pada ibu hamil trimester i di Puskesmas Mergangsan Yogyakarta Tahun 2009 (Relationship between HCG Hormone Levels and Frequency of emesis gravidarum in first trimester pregnant women at Mergangsan Health Center Yogyakarta in 2009). Skripsi. STIKes ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta.


Negarandeh R, Eghbali M, Janani L, Dastaran F, Saatchi K (2020). Auriculotherapy as a means of managing nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: A double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 40:101177. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.-2020.101177.


Pressman AH, Buff S (2007). The complete idiot’s guide to vitamins and minerals. 3rd edition. America: ALPHA.


Puget C, Joueidi Y, Bauville E, Laviolle B, Bendavid C, Lavoué V, Le Lous M (2018). Serial hCG and progesterone levels to predict early pregnancy out-comes in pregnancies of uncertain viability: A prospective study. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 220: 100-105. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.-11.020.


Putri, Anis H, Rahayu, Esti, Setyowati H, Priyo (2014). Pengaruh Akupresur terhadap morning sikness di keca-matan Magelang Utara Tahun 2014 (The effect of acupressure on Morning Sickness in North Magelang District in 2014). Jurnal Kebidanan, pp. 36–43.


Rajin M, Ghofar (2015). Panduan babon akupuntur (acupuncture baboon guide). Yogyakarta: Indoliterasi.


Oktaviani R, Mardiyono DA (2014). Acupressure on zusanli (St36) and taibai (Sp3) in reducing nausea for patients with dyspepsia at Banyumas Hospital. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing. 4(2): pp. 745–753.


Saleha N, Nurlaily, Yusran H (2018). Latihan otot progresif dan minum ekstrak jahe efektif menurunkan derajat mual dan muntah ibu hamil (progressive muscle exercise and drinking ginger extract effectively reduces nausea and vomiting in pregnant women). Jurnal Ilmiah AVICENNA. Bengkulu, 12(2).


Sulistiarini U, Widyawati MN, Rahayu DL (2018). Studi literatur: acupressure pericardium dan aromatherapy citrus untuk mengurangi mual muntah ibu hamil. Jurnal Kebidanan. 8(2): p. 146. doi: 10.31983/jkb.v8i2.3744.


Syarif H (2011). Accupressure application in P 6 and ST 36 to Decrease nausea and vomit of chemotherapy effect with patient with nasopharyng carcinoma. Ide Nursing Journal. 2(3)


Tara F (2020). The effect of acupressure on the severity of nausea, vomiting, and retching in pregnant women : a randomized controlled trial. Complement Med Res. 27(4):252-259. doi: 10.1159/000505637.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.